Menopause: What you can do

A comprehensive list of solutions

If your quality of life is suffering because of menopause, the potential for minimizing or eliminating its symptoms may be found in this comprehensive list of solutions. Consult with health-care professionals about which of these possibilities might be right for you.



Estrogen Replacement Therapy 

• Conjugated Equine Estrogens (Premarin, Premarin Vaginal Cream)

• Synthetic Conjugated Estrogens (Cenestin)

• Esterified Estrogens (Estratab, Menest)

• Estropipate (Ortho-Est, Ogen, Ogen Vaginal Cream)

• Micronized 17-Beta Estradiol (Estrace; Matrix Patch: Alora, Climara, Esclim, Vivelle, Vivelle-Dot; Reservoir Patch: Estraderm;  Estrace Vaginal Cream, Estring Vaginal Ring

• Estradiol Hemihydrate (Vagifem Vaginal Tablet


• Progestin Oral Tablet

• Medroxyprogesterone Acetate (Amen, Cycrin, Provera)

• Norethindrone (Micronor, Nor-Q.D.)

• Norethindrone Acetate (Aygestin)

• Norgestrel (Ovrette)

• Levonorgestrel (Norplant)

• Megestrol Acetate (Megace)

• Progestin Injectable

• Progestin IUD

• Medroxyprogesterone Acetate (Depro-Provera)

• Levonorgestrel

• Progesterone Oral Capsule

• Progesterone USP (Prometrium)

• Progesterone: Vaginal Gel

• Progesterone (Crinone)

• Progesterone IUD

• Progesterone (Progestasert)

Estrogen Plus Progestogen (Hormone Replacement Therapy – HRT)  

Oral, Continuous Cycle:

• Conjugated Equine Estrogens and Medroxyprogesterone Acetate (Premphase)

Oral, Continuous – Combined:

• Conjugated Equine Estrogens and Medroxyprogesterone Acetate (Prempro)

• Ethinyl Estradiol and Norethindrone Acetate (Femhrt)

• 17-Beta Estradiol and Norethindrone Acetate (Activella)

Oral, Intermittent – Combined:

• 17-Beta Estradiol and Norgestimate (Ortho-Prefest)

Skin Patch, Continuous Cycle:

• 17-Beta-Estradiol and Norethindrone Acetate (CombiPatch)

Skin Patch, Continuous – Combined:

• 17-Beta-Estradiol and Norethindrone Acetate (CombiPatch)


• Alendronate (Fosamax)

• Risedronate (Actonel)


• Androgen Oral Tablet

• Methyltestosterone and Esterified Estrogens (Estratest, Menogen)

Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERMs)

• Raloxifene (Evista)  



Limited research has yielded conflicting results on the safety and effectiveness of botanical products, but some health-care providers and their patients report that they can reduce or eliminate the need for HRT by using these natural ingredients:

• Chamomile – reduces stress

• Lemon Balm – treats mild depression

• Lemon Root – reduces tension

• Ginseng – helps with palpitations

• Black Cohosh – relieves hot flashes

• Soy – relieves hot flashes



Simple modifications in a woman’s daily habits can make a difference in the frequency and severity of menopause symptoms. For example:

• Limit spicy food and alcohol intake, because they can bring on hot flashes.

• Exercise helps lessen the intensity of hot flashes.

• Learn relaxation techniques or paced breathing. 


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